On November 30, 2022, the world is stunned by a new AI system developed by an AI startup company OpenAI. When it is released for the first time, the world is busy discussing its features and capabilities, and even interestingly, it got around 5 million users in the first week of its release. The AI is known as ChatGPT. ChatGPT is a member of powerful large language models, to be specific a large Neural Network trained on billions of text data over the internet. It can understand natural language and generate a human-like response. Just to say, ChatGPT is just one example of the advanced AI systems that exist in the world. There are lots of powerful AI systems which need to be discussed, which is what our goal is with this article. So in this article, we present a list of the top 5 most advanced AI systems in the world as of 2023. The list is based on the performance of AI systems, note that the list is completely made through researching online, and is also not on a rank basis.
1. GPT-3 (OpenAI)
The first in our list is GPT-3 short for Generative Pre-trained Transformer 3 is the third series of generative language models developed by OpenAI. GPT-3 is indeed a large Neural Network that is capable of generating human-like text and also can understand natural language. It is far better than every language model ever built, and also some of its previous versions as well.
GPT-3 is said to be one of the largest language models ever made, trained on terabytes of data containing 175 billion parameters, compared to Turing NLG by Microsoft has 17 billion parameters. It is pretty large and because of that, it takes the company months to train the algorithm with a computational cost of over $4.3 million.
Because of this complexity, GPT-3 is able to do a lot of things for us, like writing a project thesis to write code for your university project and even making an entire YouTube video script, and so on. It can even do some cognitive tasks like humans, for instance, if you asked GPT-3 "Which one weighs more, 1 kg of cotton or 1 kg of iron", it will say both of them weigh the same.
However, the scientists and researchers at OpenAI are always looking forward to building more sophisticated language models. As a result, they launched ChatGPT, the enhanced version of GPT-3 known as GPT-3.5 which is very capable of making conversations with humans and answering follow-up questions.
2. AlphaGo (Google DeepMind)
AlphaGo is an AI developed by DeepMind, a subsidiary company of Alphabet Inc. AlphaGo took its place in magazines and news in 2016 beating the world's most intelligent Go player, Lee Sedol in a five-game match.
Go is a kind of ancient Chinese board game that has simple rules but is incredibly complex and cannot be played without human intuition. The game has an enormous number of moves to make the game more complex and really hard or just impossible for a machine to learn, as many scientists thought at that time.
But AlphaGo developed a human-level intuition and is able to play the game more creatively than anyone ever played. This is possible by a method of training machine learning models known as Deep Reinforcement Learning. The model is trained over a large corpus of human Go games and fine-tuned using Reinforcement learning (learning through trial and error method).
The victory of AlphaGo over Lee Sedol was a great moment in the history of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. The researchers at DeepMind claim that their AI is general-purpose, meaning that it can do a lot more than just play Go. As a result, engineers used it to regulate the cooling systems in Google data centers and also used to solve other kinds of problems like protein folding, etc.
3. Watson (IBM)
Watson is an AI system developed by IBM. It was initially developed as a chatbot that can answer questions, built on top of Advanced Natural Language Processing and Neural Networks. Later, IBM put Watson to the test against humans in America's popular quiz game show named Jeopardy. Interestingly, Watson beat the champions of the game and won a prize worth $1 million.
In recent years, Watson is more capable so IBM engineers use it to build a lot of tools and applications like customer service, chatbots, Virtual Assistants, Recommender Systems, etc.
Moreover, Watson also performs well in healthcare applications, as it can even predict the possibility of skin cancers by just seeing the image of a person. It is able to detect various kinds of diseases like cancers, cardiovascular disease, heart disease, etc, with greater accuracy and also recommends medication. These abilities of Watson are utilized by a lot of health centers and hospitals all across the world.
With the rise in computational power and resources today, Watson AI has become extremely powerful, capable of performing tasks once limited to humans such as sight, hearing, speech, and learning.
4. Sophia (Hanson Robotics)
Sophia, created by Hanson Robotics, is not only a formidable AI but also a humanoid robot, designed to mimic human appearance and behavior. Sophia is developed to interact with humans using facial expressions, gestures, and through natural language processing.
Sophia is a Robot occupied with the most advanced AI features, including Speech Recognition, Natural Language Processing, Speech Synthesis, Robot Facial expressions, Gesture controls, and Emotion Simulation. Moreover, Sophia is highly sociable and is really good at communicating with people. Many people who have done conversations with Sophia gave positive feedback and tell that she is really great at holding conversations at a human level.
Another great capability Sophia possess is the ability to learn new things through experience and adapt to new situations. Well, she has access to the internet, which provides a lot of resources to learn new things every time.
Sophia has gained widespread attention, appearing in numerous magazines and media outlets, due to her human-like features. In October 2017, she made history as the first robot to ever receive citizenship, when she was granted citizenship by Saudi Arabia.
5. Tesla Autopilot (Tesla Inc)
Tesla Inc is one of the leading companies in the electric automobile industry. The company's aim is to build electric vehicles like cars, trucks, etc, with adding technology. Apart from manufacturing electric cars, they are also interested in Artificial Intelligence and incorporating all its possibilities into their vehicles for better driving experiences.
As a result, they developed Tesla Autopilot, which is very popular. Tesla Autopilot is a complex AI system that is able to control the vehicle using cameras, radar, ultrasonic sensors, and GPS. With Autopilot engaged, the vehicle can automatically steer, accelerate, and brake. It can drive, park, and reverse the vehicle entirely by itself by looking at the situations around on the road. Another interesting fact is that this AI can detect accidents with around 90 to 95 % of accuracy, reducing accidents significantly.
Tesla Autopilot uses Advanced AI technologies like Computer Vision, Deep Learning, Sensor Fusion, and Motion Planning, and uses Deep Reinforcement Learning for learning through experience over time. As a matter of fact, Tesla Autopilot is continuously learning and improving its capabilities through reinforcement learning for making good decisions on the road far better than humans.
Other Notable AI Systems
- Siri is a virtual assistant developed by Apple Inc. for its iOS, iPadOS, watchOS, and macOS operating systems. It uses natural language processing and machine learning to perform tasks and answer questions through voice commands.
- Amazon Alexa is a virtual assistant developed by Amazon. It is integrated into Amazon's line of smart speakers and can perform tasks including setting reminders, playing music and controlling smart home devices through voice commands.
- Google Assistant is a virtual assistant developed by Google. It also works on Google's smart speakers, as well as other Android devices, and can do tasks including remainders, music, etc.
- DuerOS is a conversational AI system developed by Baidu. It can perform a wide range of tasks like Siri and google using voice commands.
- DALL-E is a generative model developed by OpenAI that can generate images from textual descriptions.
In conclusion, Artificial Intelligence is rapidly advancing, and we are still in the starting phase. The AI systems mentioned in this Article are only a very few of the many systems that exist today. AI has the potential to revolutionize the way we live, work, and interact with each other, and we can expect to see continued growth and advancements in this field in the years to come.
We'd love to hear your thoughts! If you have any other suggestions beyond the ones we've listed, please feel free to share them in the comment box below
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