In recent times, there have been numerous breakthroughs in the field of Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning and we are amazed by the impressive growth of AI and its influence in our lives. Various organizations such as OpenAI, Anthropic, Meta, and Google have introduced advanced AI systems such as ChatGPT, Claude, LLaMA, and Gemini respectively. This article aims to discuss the top 5 most advanced AI systems in the world. The selection of AI systems is based solely on their performance, and the list has been compiled through thorough online research. It is important to note that the list is not in any particular order of ranking.
Gemini (Google DeepMind)
After the merger of two world-class AI research firms Google Brain team and DeepMind, they recently made an incredible contribution to the AI landscape, a set of powerful Large Language Models that comes under a single name, Gemini. Gemini is an AI system built upon Google's advanced AI stack entirely from the ground up. Unlike most AI models that only deal with text, Gemini is multimodal and can understand and respond to text, images, audio, code, and even videos. This makes Gemini the most versatile model ever built.
Gemini comes in three different sizes. Gemini Ultra is the most powerful version and is designed to tackle complex tasks in the cloud, it has incredible reasoning ability. On their YouTube Channel, they demonstrate Gemini tasks being executed flawlessly with multiple inputs. Gemini Pro offers a balance between power and portability, making it ideal for daily use. Gemini Pro can be accessed through Bard and other Google Products like Google AI Studio and Vertext AI. Finally, Gemini Nano is the smallest and most portable version and can run efficiently on your smartphone, allowing you to use AI on the go.
Google claims that Gemini outperforms competitors like OpenAI's GPT-4 in benchmarks, particularly in understanding complex concepts like math, code, literature, and reasoning. This makes it ideal for handling challenging tasks such as research, code generation, and explaining scientific theories. Google has made their Gemini Pro accessible to developers through their API, which is now completely free and can be accessed through Google AI Studio, formally known as makersuite.
GPT-4 is the recent language model developed by OpenAI. It is the fourth series of language models released after the successful launch of ChatGPT powered by GPT-3.5. It is equipped with state-of-the-art reasoning and creative capabilities that are apart from one's imagination. GPT-4 is a massive Neural Network containing an impressive 1.76 trillion parameters and trained on a very large corpus of text data including code from various programming languages. Moreover, GPT-4 is not only proficient in processing text but also exhibits the capability to handle visual data, including images. With its ability to understand and generate content from both text and visual inputs, GPT-4 can be considered a powerful multimodal AI, bridging the domains of language and vision.
Another interesting capability of GPT-4 is the amount of data it can process in a single request. The predecessor language models from OpenAI can process up to 3,000 tokens in a single request, but GPT-4 can process up to 25,000 tokens per request. This is so large that you can actually ask GPT-4 to summarize an entire 10-page PDF in one go.
It's important to note that GPT-4 is still in ongoing research at OpenAI. The company hasn't made the weights open-source.
Generative Pre-trained Transformer 3 is the third series of generative language models developed by OpenAI. GPT-3 is indeed a large Neural Network that is capable of generating human-like text and also can understand natural language.
GPT-3 series is said to be one of the most advanced language models ever made, trained on terabytes of data containing 175 billion parameters. It is pretty large and because of that, it takes the company months to train the algorithm with a computational cost of over $4.3 million.
Because of this complexity, GPT-3 is able to do a lot of things for us, like writing a project thesis to write code for your university project even making an entire YouTube video script, and so on. It can even do some cognitive tasks like humans, for instance, if you asked GPT-3 "Which one weighs more, 1 kg of cotton or 1 kg of iron", it will say both of them weigh the same.
However, the scientists and researchers at OpenAI are always looking forward to building more sophisticated language models. As a result, they launched ChatGPT, primarily powered by GPT-3.5, an enhanced version of GPT-3 which is free for everyone to use.
AlphaGo (Google DeepMind)
AlphaGo is an AI developed by Google DeepMind and introduced around 2014. It remains one of the most incredible AI systems in existence. AlphaGo took its place in magazines and news in 2016 beating the world's most intelligent Go player, Lee Sedol in a five-game match.
Go is a kind of ancient Chinese board game that has simple rules but is incredibly complex and cannot be played without human intuition. The game has an enormous number of moves to make the game more complex and really hard or just impossible for a machine to learn, as many scientists thought at that time.
But AlphaGo developed a human-level intuition and is able to play the game more creatively than anyone ever played. This is possible by a method of training machine learning models known as Deep Reinforcement Learning. The model uses a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to understand the game through vision and is trained over a large corpus of human Go games and fine-tuned using Reinforcement learning (learning through trial and error method).
The victory of AlphaGo over Lee Sedol was a great moment in the history of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. The researchers at DeepMind claim that their AI is general-purpose, meaning that it can do a lot more than just play Go. As a result, engineers used it to regulate the cooling systems in Google data centers and also used to solve other kinds of problems like protein folding, etc.
Watson is an AI system developed by IBM. It was initially developed as a chatbot that can answer questions, built on top of Advanced Natural Language Processing and Neural Networks. Later, IBM put Watson to the test against humans in America's popular quiz game show Jeopardy. Interestingly, Watson beat the champions of the game and won a prize worth $1 million.
In recent years, Watson has become more capable so IBM engineers use it to build a lot of tools and applications like customer service, chatbots, Virtual Assistants, Recommender Systems, etc.
Moreover, Watson also performs well in healthcare applications, as it can even predict the possibility of skin cancers by just seeing the image of a person. It is able to detect various kinds of diseases like cancers, cardiovascular disease, heart disease, etc, with greater accuracy and also recommends medication. These abilities of Watson are utilized by a lot of health centers and hospitals all across the world.
With the rise in computational power and resources today, Watson AI has become extremely powerful, capable of performing tasks once limited to humans such as sight, hearing, speech, and learning.
Sophia (Hanson Robotics)
Created by Hanson Robotics, Sophia is not only a formidable AI but also a humanoid robot, designed to mimic human appearance and behavior. Sophia is developed to interact with humans using facial expressions, gestures, and through natural language processing.
Sophia is a Robot occupied with the most advanced AI features, including Speech Recognition, Natural Language Processing, Speech Synthesis, Robot Facial expressions, Gesture controls, and Emotion Simulation. Moreover, Sophia is highly sociable and is really good at communicating with people. Many people who have had conversations with Sophia gave positive feedback and tell that she is really great at holding conversations at a human level.
Another great capability Sophia possesses is the ability to learn new things through experience and adapt to new situations. Well, she has access to the internet, which provides a lot of resources to learn new things every time.
Sophia has gained widespread attention, appearing in numerous magazines and media outlets, due to her human-like features. In October 2017, she made history as the first robot to ever receive citizenship, when she was granted citizenship by Saudi Arabia.
Tesla Autopilot (Tesla Inc)
Tesla Inc. is one of the leading companies in the electric automobile industry. The company's aim is to build electric vehicles like cars, trucks, etc, with adding technology. Apart from manufacturing electric cars, they are also interested in Artificial Intelligence and incorporating all its possibilities into their vehicles for better driving experiences.
As a result, they developed the Tesla Autopilot, which is very popular. Tesla Autopilot is a complex AI system that is able to control the vehicle using cameras, radar, ultrasonic sensors, and GPS. With Autopilot engaged, the vehicle can automatically steer, accelerate, and brake. It can drive, park, and reverse the vehicle entirely by itself by looking at the situations around on the road. Another interesting fact is that this AI can detect accidents with around 90 to 95 % accuracy, reducing accidents significantly.
Tesla Autopilot uses Advanced AI technologies like Computer Vision, Deep Learning, Sensor Fusion, and Motion Planning, and uses Deep Reinforcement Learning for learning through experience over time. As a matter of fact, Tesla Autopilot is continuously learning and improving its capabilities through reinforcement learning for making good decisions on the road far better than humans.
Other Notable AI Systems
- Siri is a virtual assistant developed by Apple Inc. for its iOS, iPadOS, watchOS, and macOS operating systems. It uses natural language processing and machine learning to perform tasks and answer questions through voice commands.
- Llama: Llama is an open-source Language Model, developed by Meta, that is renowned for its advanced features and powerful capabilities. As a state-of-the-art model, Llama has gained popularity among developers and researchers alike for its ability to generate high-quality text, making it one of the most sought-after models in the field of Natural Language Processing.
- Amazon Alexa is a virtual assistant developed by Amazon. It is integrated into Amazon's line of smart speakers and can perform tasks including setting reminders, playing music, and controlling smart home devices through voice commands.
- DuerOS is a conversational AI system developed by Baidu. It can perform a wide range of tasks like Siri and Google using voice commands.
- DALL-E 3: is a generative model developed by OpenAI that can generate high-quality realistic images from simple textual descriptions.
In conclusion, Artificial Intelligence is rapidly advancing, and we are still in the starting phase. The AI systems mentioned in this Article are only a very few of the many systems that exist today. AI has the potential to revolutionize the way we live, work, and interact with each other, and we can expect to see continued growth and advancements in this field in the years to come.
We'd love to hear your thoughts! If you have any other suggestions beyond the ones we've listed, please feel free to share them in the comment box below