A Comprehensive Guide on JSON to XML Converter Using Python

Two of the most commonly used data interchange formats are JSON and XML. In this guide, we'll be learning how to convert JSON to XML using Python


Two of the most commonly used data interchange formats are JSON and XML. Although JSON is
widely used for web applications and APIs because of its simplicity and ease of use, XML is
known for its flexibility and strong support in different sectors. You may need to change data
from JSON to XML or vice versa in certain situations. We're going to look at the process of Converting
JSON into XML with Python in this comprehensive guide.

Why Convert from JSON to XML?

In cases where XML is a preferred format for data exchange or storage, it may be necessary to
convert data from JSON to XML. XML is still used by some systems and applications which
make it possible to convert between JSON and XML in order to ensure interoperability among
different platforms. The ideal environment to implement these conversions is the Python library
which contains a number of libraries and simple syntax.

How to Convert JSON to XML using Python


Before we proceed to conversion process make sure you have Python installed on your system.
Additionally, you may need to install a Python library called “xmltodict” using the following command:

pip install xmltodict

This library simplifies the XML handling process by converting XML data to a Python dictionary and
vice versa.

Steps to Convert JSON to XML in Python

Here is a step-by-step guide with code for creating a JSON to XML converter in Python.

Import Required Libraries

First import necessary libraries. Along with the standard JSON library, you'll need xmltodict for
handling XML conversions.

import json
import xmltodict

Load JSON Data

Load JSON data that you want to convert. You can either read it from a file or create a Python
dictionary directly.

# Load JSON data from a file
with open('input.json', 'r') as json_file:
    json_data = json.load(json_file)

# OR Alternatively, create a Python dictionary
json_data = {
    "name": "John Doe",
    "age": 30,
    "city": "New York"

Convert JSON to XML

Use xmltodict.unparse() to convert loaded JSON data into an XML string.

xml_data = xmltodict.unparse({'root': json_data}, pretty=True)

The pretty=True argument is optional but makes the XML output more readable.

Save XML Data

Save converted XML data to a file.

Now, you have successfully converted JSON data to XML using Python.

Handling Nested Structures

JSON often contains nested structures which may not be directly convertible to XML. However,
xmltodict handles nested structures seamlessly. Consider the following JSON example:

  "person": {
    "name": "Alice",
    "age": 25,
    "address": {
      "city": "Wonderland",
      "country": "Fictionland"

The conversion process remains the same and xmltodict will appropriately represent nested
structures in XML.

Error Handling and Validation

The handling of errors is important in dealing with data conversions. In order to ensure that
JSON input is valid prior to conversion, validation checks should be performed. For this purpose,
you can use Python's try and except blocks.

    # Attempt to load JSON data
    json_data = json.load(json_file)
except json.JSONDecodeError as e:
    print(f"Error decoding JSON: {e}")


The process of converting JSON to XML using Python has been explored in this comprehensive
guide. We've been focusing on necessary library steps and additional considerations like
handling nested Structures, Errors, or Validations. To ensure compatibility with
all online converter systems relying on XML data interchange you can easily integrate JSON to
XML conversion into your Python projects by following these guidelines.